Product Sourcing & Design
- Foreign vs. Local Production
- In-house vs. Outsourced Design
- Trading Companies
- Uniform vs. Customized
Some non-profit enterprises set up for-profit trading companies specifically to supply their products, which the non-profit then distributes.
- Often this model is adopted after the enterprise has developed the product as a non-profit and become successful enough selling it that it has the potential to deliver a return on private investment.
- In this case, the non-profit may want to remain a non-profit focused on its less-profitable activities, but also want to use the profitability of its product to generate revenues to subsidize these activities.
- Creating a separate company can allow the new company to access private capital without compromising the non-profit’s social goals.
- Some enterprises, such as Lifeline Energy, started as the non-profit arm of a product manufacturing company. Lifeline has since become independent and started its own supply company, Lifeline Technologies Trading Limited.
- Other enterprises were created as non-profits and for-profit trading companies simultaneously (ex. IDEAAS and The Sun Shines For All in Brazil).
Environmental Camps for Conservation Awareness (ECCA) is a Nepalese non-profit focused on the wise use of environmental resources in Nepal.
- In 2004 ECCA introduced a solar lantern, the Solar Tuki, as a means of creating access to an alternative to kerosene lamps, since a large percent of the population is off-grid and fixed solar panels are far out of most people’s price range.
- In 2007, ECCA established Future Now (Future Technology Now) Pvt. Ltd., a private limited company which has since been responsible for product development and sales while ECCA continues to focus on promoting social mobilization and environmental benefits.
- As a private company, FutureNow was eligible to receive an interest-bearing loan from the ERM Foundation as a means of capitalizing future product development and expanded distribution.
All organizations that have formed trading companies:
Enterprise ListFor a comprehensive list of enterprises featured on this map, please click here.